Architect C. Anjalendran, aided by an army of assistants and students, has been recording Sri Lanka's architectural heritage for almost 30 years. The result is a collection of exquisite measured drawings, all made with ink and pencil on tracing paper—documenting many interesting and often neglected buildings in Sri Lanka. This book features these, along with photographs and insightful text, to highlight a broad cross-section of buildings in many different types and from many periods—from the ancient classical era of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, from medieval times, from the colonial period and from the years after Sri Lanka regained its independence in 1948. A celebration of Sri Lanka's rich architectural heritage and of the art of drawing, the book continues the work of Barbara Sansoni who started to record ancient buildings during the early 1960s. With the help of her husband Ronald Lewcock, her photographer son Dominic Sansoni and her friend Anjalendran, she published her drawings in a book called 'The Architecture of an Island' in 1998. It is therefore fitting that Dominic Sansoni has joined Anjalendran as the photographer for the present volume. Texts are by David Robson who was Anjalendran's tutor in the 1970s and who published a monograph on his work in 2009.